Unity of Noun phrases in Nkwen Language (Cohesion)

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Different markers are used to indicate cohesion (unity) in various noun phrases. These markers are : wuma, zuma, buma, fuma and dzwu ma. Let’s examine how they come in different noun phrases.

wuma

Nkə̀mə̀ wuma bə kə̀ zo’o.   The noble that was installed.

M̀fò wuma bə kə̀ nùsə.     – The chief that was enthroned.

Ǹcì wuma a kə̀ yìi.          – The Father-in-law who came.

Kàŋə̀ wuma Talà kə ko.        – The squirrel that Tala caught.

Əkù wuma Ndì kə̀ kuŋə.    – The bed that Ndi made.

Nta’a wuma bə kə̀ to.– The hill that was burnt.

nkyi wuma ə ŋwa’a.– The water that is clean.

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zuma

Nə̀lòŋə̀ zuma bə bu’u.   – The radio that is played.

Nə̀fa zuma nə kwo (yɛnə).   – The twin that is dead.

Àkù zuma ə zaŋə.      – The foot that is hurting.     

Àtì zuma be waa.      – The tree that is fell.      

Ǹnà zuma bə kə̀ ko.     – The animal that was caught.  

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buma

Bə̀fò buma bə zo’okə. – The chiefs who are enthroned.      

Bə̀kə̀mə̀ buma be zo’okə.   – The nobles that are installed.    

Bə̀forə buma bə kə̀ kotə.  – The rats that are caught.

Bə̀ntò buma bə ŋwa’a.  – The pots which are clean.     

Bə̀kàŋə̀ buma bə kotə.       – The squirrels that are caught.

fuma 

Fə̀nyə fuma fə tya yi .   – The snake that has bitten him/her.

Fə̀nkəbə fuma be kuŋə .   – The statue that is calved.

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dzwu ma

Əso dzwu ma bə zû.    – The hoes that are bought.     

Ətsə’ə dzwu ma bə ta.    – The dresses that are sown.

əba’a dzwu ma bə nyεsə.   – The doors that a renovated.

əkaŋə dzwu ma bə mε’ε.   – The pan (dishes) that are thrown.

N.B: Buma and dzwu ma make cohesion in nouns of the plural classes while wumazuma and fuma are markers for nouns in the singular classes.

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More on Nouns in Nkwen Language https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BlwSpS0eLyc&list=PL_ihUsy6_PLKYRhQJ1B65SZ5XN1sLjNBk The Nkwen Traditional Anthem The Nkwen Language Alphabet
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