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LIVING AND NON-LIVING THINGS
- Anything that has weight and occupies space is called _____ Matter
- Matter is never created or destroyed it only _____ changes form.
- Matter is anything around you that you can ____ see, touch, smell or feel
- Matter can be ____ solids, liquids, gasses, plasma.
- Two main kinds of matter are ______ Living and non-living matter or things.
- The characteristics of living matter include: ________Movement, Nutrition, Reproduction, Excretion, Respiration, Growth and Irritability.
- Examples of dead or non-living matter are________ stone, water, air, sunlight, temperature, water, air, wind, rocks, and soil.
- Examples of living matter are ___ Flowers, trees animals, human beings, birds, insects, fungi,
- Examples of transformed matter are ____ Pen, Chair, Bedsheets, Paper, Bed, Book, Clothes, Bag.
- What can living things do and what can non-living things not do?
|LIVING THINGS||NON-LIVING THINGS|
|Can grow||cannot grow|
|Can Move||cannot move|
|Can feel||cannot feel|
|Can breath||cannot breath|
|Can reproduce||cannot reproduce|
|Need water and food to survive.||neither eats no drink|
|Die||Don’t die, either broken or get damaged|
- A young plant at its dormant stage ready to germinate when conditions become favourable is called ________ seed.
- The part of the seed known as the real seed where the plumule and the radical start growing is called the___________ embryo
- The first shoot of a germinating plant is called the_______ plumule
- The first root of a germinating plant is the ______________radicle
- The conditions necessary for seed germination include ______________________ sufficient warmth, fertile soil, air and a good seed
- A germination where the seed leaves are carried above the soil is called_______________epigeal germination
- A germination where the seed leaves are left in the soil is called_______________hypogeal germination
- Species or plants that germinate with more than one embryonic or seed leaf is called____________ dicotyledonous or dicots.
- Species or plants with one seed leaf or cotyledon are called ____________ monocotyledonous (“monocots“).
- Examples of monocots are _____________ bamboo, bananas, corn, garlic, ginger, onions, rice, sugarcane, tulips, and wheat.
- Monocots are mostly ______bulbing plants and grains
- Examples of dicots are _____________ apples, beans, broccoli, carrots, cauliflower, cosmos, daisies, peaches, peppers, potatoes, roses, sweet pea, and tomatoes.
- Dicots are mostly ________ garden flowers, legumes, the cabbage family,
- The spreading of seeds from the parent plant to other areas is called __________ seed dispersal
- The agents of seed dispersal include_____________ the wind, water, man and animals, and by explosion.
- An example of seed spread by the wind is ________ cotton seed.
- Examples of seeds spread by man and animals are ____ pepper, pear
- A plant with one growing season is called __________ an annual plant.
- A plant with more than two growing seasons is called ___ a perennial plant.
- The brightly coloured parts of a flower are called _________the petals.
- Many petals form the________ corolla.
- The Ovules style and stigma form the female part of the flower called ___________ the pistil.
- The anthers, pollen grains, and filaments, form the male part of a flower called ____________ the stamen.
- The union of the pollen grains and the ovules to form seeds is called _______________ fertilization.
- A plant or animal with the male and female parts on the same body is a __________ hermaphrodite (maize, earthworm).
- The transfer of pollen grains from the anthers to the stigma of plants is called ____________ pollination.
- The transfer of pollen grains from the anthers to the stigma of the same plant is called ____________ self-pollination.
- The transfer of pollen grains from the anthers to the stigma of another plant of the same species is called _____________ cross- pollination.
- Insect pollinated flowers are brightly coloured and are pollinated by ______ insects.
- Wind pollinated flowers are _____ and are pollinated by the wind. dull in colour
- Insect pollinated flowers contain sweet juice called _______ nectar.
- Fruits which when dry split releasing their seeds are called ______ dehiscent fruits (eg beans)
- Fruits which do not release their seeds when dry are called _________ indehiscent fruits.
- There are two main types of leaves namely _____ and _____ simple leaves and compound leaves.
- A simple leaf is one that has only____ one leaflet.
- A compound leaf is one that has _____on the same stalk. many leaflets
- The functions of the leaves to the plant include____ ____ ____ food preparation ( i.e. photosynthesis), Respiration and transpiration.
- Plants breathe through tiny holes on the leaves called______ stomata.
- The stomata are formed on the ______ of the leaf. lower rough surface or back part
- The sending out of excess water by plants through the stomata on the leaves is called __________transpiration.
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