ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Revision on Living and non-living things, seed, flower, Pollination and leaf


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  1. Anything that has weight and occupies space is called _____ Matter
  2. Matter is never created or destroyed it only _____ changes form.
  3. Matter is anything around you that you can ____ see, touch, smell or feel
  4. Matter can be ____ solids, liquids, gasses, plasma.
  5. Two main kinds of matter are ______ Living and non-living matter or things.
  6. The characteristics of living matter include: ________Movement, Nutrition, Reproduction, Excretion, Respiration, Growth and Irritability.
  7.  Examples of dead or non-living matter are________ stone, water, air, sunlight, temperature, water, air, wind, rocks, and soil.
  8. Examples of living matter are ___ Flowers, trees animals, human beings, birds, insects, fungi,
  9. Examples of transformed matter are ____ Pen, Chair, Bedsheets, Paper, Bed, Book, Clothes, Bag.
  10. What can living things do and what can non-living things not do?
Can growcannot grow
Can Movecannot move
Can feelcannot feel
Can breathcannot breath
Can reproducecannot reproduce
Need water and food to survive.neither eats no drink
DieDon’t die, either broken or get damaged
Living and non-living things


  1. A young plant at its dormant stage ready to germinate when conditions become favourable is called ________ seed.
  2. The part of the seed known as the real seed where the plumule and the radical start growing is called the___________ embryo
  3. The first shoot of a germinating plant is called the_______ plumule
  4. The first root of a germinating plant is the ______________radicle 
  5. The conditions necessary for seed germination include ______________________ sufficient warmth, fertile soil, air and a good seed
  6. A germination where the seed leaves are carried above the soil is called_______________epigeal germination
  7. A germination where the seed leaves are left in the soil is called_______________hypogeal germination
  8. Species or plants that germinate with more than one embryonic or seed leaf is called____________ dicotyledonous or dicots.  
  9. Species or plants with one seed leaf or cotyledon are called ____________ monocotyledonous (“monocots“).
  10. Examples of monocots are _____________ bamboo, bananas, corn, garlic, ginger, onions, rice, sugarcane, tulips, and wheat.
  11. Monocots are mostly ______bulbing plants and grains
  12. Examples of dicots are _____________ apples, beans, broccoli, carrots, cauliflower, cosmos, daisies, peaches, peppers, potatoes, roses, sweet pea, and tomatoes.
  13. Dicots are mostly ________ garden flowers, legumes, the cabbage family, 


  1. The spreading of seeds from the parent plant to other areas is called __________ seed dispersal
  2. The agents of seed dispersal include_____________ the wind, water, man and animals, and by explosion.
  3. An example of seed spread by the wind is ________ cotton seed.
  4. Examples of seeds spread by man and animals are ____ pepper, pear 
  5. A plant with one growing season is called __________ an annual plant.
  6. A plant with more than two growing seasons is called ___  a perennial plant


  1. The brightly coloured parts of a flower are called _________the petals.
  2. Many petals form the________ corolla.
  3. The Ovules style and stigma form the female part of the flower called ___________ the pistil.
  4. The anthers, pollen grains, and filaments, form the male part of a flower called ____________ the stamen.
  5. The union of the pollen grains and the ovules to form seeds is called _______________ fertilization.
  6. A plant or animal with the male and female parts on the same body is a __________ hermaphrodite (maizeearthworm).


  1. The transfer of pollen grains from the anthers to the stigma of plants is called ____________ pollination.
  2. The transfer of pollen grains from the anthers to the stigma of the same plant is called ___________self-pollination.
  3. The transfer of pollen grains from the anthers to the stigma of another plant of the same species is called _____________ cross- pollination.
  4. Insect pollinated flowers are brightly coloured and are pollinated by ______ insects.
  5. Wind pollinated flowers are _____ and are pollinated by the wind.  dull in colour
  6. Insect pollinated flowers contain sweet juice called _______ nectar.
  7. Fruits which when dry split releasing their seeds are called ______ dehiscent fruits (eg beans)
  8. Fruits which do not release their seeds when dry are called _________ indehiscent fruits.


  1. There are two main types of leaves namely _____ and _____  simple leaves and compound leaves.
  2. A simple leaf is one that has only____ one leaflet.
  3. A compound leaf is one that has _____on the same stalk. many leaflets
  4. The functions of the leaves to the plant include____  ____  ____ food preparation ( i.e. photosynthesis), Respiration and transpiration.
  5. Plants breathe through tiny holes on the leaves called______ stomata.
  6. The stomata are formed on the ______ of the leaf. lower rough surface or back part
  7. The sending out of excess water by plants through the stomata on the leaves is called  __________transpiration.

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