Marked by “bə“, the events or situations in this tense are to be completed a few minutes or a few hours from the moment of speaking on the same day. The certainty that the action will take place is very high. Eg
a) Ngǝfò bə cu’u akù’u.
Ngefor F1 pound achu
Ngefor will pound achu.
b)Talà bə bà’à məlù’ù fǝ’ǝ̀ ǹkwǐfò.
Tala F1 tap wine time evening.
Tala will tap wine in the evening.
This tense is lexicalized by ” bǝ lya“, which occurs before the verb. It relates actions or events which will take place tomorrow, next week, next month or next year. The time limit cannot be extended too far into the future. Eg
- Lə̀mə̀ bə lya laa əkù’u əzͻ.
Lem F2 cook achu tomorrow.
Lem will cook achu tomorrow
2) Lə̀mə̀ bə lyǎ làa mma yi nghà.
Lem F2 dead celebration mother her next week.
Leme will celebrate the dead of her mother next week.
3) Lə̀mə̀ be lya ghə ntεnə ŋͻrə yε̌.
Lem F2 go coast month that.
Lem will go to the coast next month.
4. Lə̀mə̀ bə lya ŋwà’àrə nlwitə̀ àkwà’anə̀ yi ngù’u.
Lem F2 write final exams her year.
lem shall write her final exams next year.
To know whether ngu’u (year) refers to next or last year the tense markers “be lya” (future) and “kə̀” (Past) must be considered, e.g
Lə̀mə̀ kə̀ li’i nsùŋə yi ŋgù’u. (past)
Lem cultivated her farm last year
Lə̀mə̀ bə lya li’i nsuŋə yi ŋgù’u. (future) – Lem shall cultivate her farm next year.
The remote future tense is radicalized by ‘bə lyə’ and is associated with events which are to take place in the most distant future. They are mostly wise sayings and proverbs. The certainty of the action to be accomplished is not high. In fact, it is more on the negative than on the positive. This tense expresses irrealis mood. Eg
a. Talà bə lyə bù’u nyù.
Tala F3 do thing.
Tala shall do a terrible thing. (because of the unacceptable things that Tala does)
‘Bù’u’ and ‘ghə̀rə’ are synonyms for the verb ‘to do’ when directly translated, but ‘bu’u’ is to do something terrible while ‘ghərə’ is to do a normal thing.
b) Ǹtswǔ Ngənə̀fə̀mə̀ be lyə tsu mmu. (wise saying)
Mouth Ngenefemə F3
Ngenefem’s mouth shall peak fire. (because Ngenefemə is a talkative.
c) Àya’à (nə̀dorə) be lyə jwε moo. (proverb)
Play F3 give birth child.
– Play shall give birth to a child.